1911-1920
  • 1911
    Duchamp completes the following works:
    The Bush; Baptism; Nude on Nude; Draught on the Japanese Apple Tree; Paradise; Landscape; Apropos of Little Sister; Yvonne and Magdeleine in Tatters; Sonata; Dulcinea; Mediocrity; two versions of Study for 'Portrait of Chess Players'; The Chess Players; Study for 'Portrait of Chess Players' or For a Game of Chess; Portrait of Chess Players; two versions of Coffee Mill; Young Man and Girl in Spring; and Sad Young Man on a Train.
  • 1912
    Paints Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2. The painting is rejected by the Salon des Indépendants. However, it is shown at a cubist exhibition in Barcelona, Spain, and in Paris at the Salon de la Section d'Or.
    Other works completed this year include:
    Portrait of Gustave Candel's Mother; Two Nudes: One Strong, One Swift; the study for Two Personages and Car; The King and Queen Traversed by Swift Nudes; The Bride Stripped by the Bachelors; The King and Queen Traversed by Nudes at High Speed; The King and Queen Surrounded by Swift Nudes; The Passage from Virgin to Bride; Virgin, No. 1; Virgin, No. 2; and Bride.
    With Picabia and Apollinaire, attends performance of Raymond Roussel's Impressions d'Afrique.
    Visits Munich, Germany, July-August.
    Studies perspective at the Bibliothèque de Sainte-Geneviève in Paris, where he was employed.
  • 1913
    Duchamp exhibits Nude Descending a Staircase and several other works at the Armory Show in New York. The reaction to the Nude... brings him fame in America.
    Begins studies and notes for The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even (often referred to as the Large Glass).
    Some of those studies, mostly executed in pencil, crayon, and/or ink on paper, were:
    Bachelor Apparatus (plan); Bachelor Apparatus (elevation); Boxing Match; The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even; Cemetery of Uniforms and Liveries, No. 1; Studies for the Bachelors: Station-master; and Perspective Drawing for the Water-mill Wheel.
    Work on Glider Containing a Water Mill in Neighbouring Metals, an element of the Large Glass, is begun, using oil paint and lead wire on a semicircular sheet of glass (it is completed in 1915).
    The readymade Bicycle Wheel is created.
  • 1914
    Work on Nine Malic Moulds, an element of the Large Glass, is begun. Like the Large Glass to follow, it is executed in oil paint, lead wire and sheet lead on glass, and mounted between two glass plates. It is completed the following year, and, as the Large Glass would later be, was cracked in 1916.
    Other preparatory work for the Large Glass:
    Study for the 'Chocolate Grinder, No.2'; Chocolate Grinder, No.2; First Study for the Seives; Trois stoppages-étalon (Three Standard Stoppages); and Draught Piston.
    Produces the readymade Bottlerack, a.k.a. Bottle Dryer or Hedgehog; and the rectified readymade Pharmacy.
    Produces Réseaux des stoppages (Network of Stoppages), oil and pencil on canvas. This piece incorporates Three Standard Stoppages and Young Man and a Girl in Spring (1911) into the overall composition.
    Produces To Have the Apprentice in the Sun, india ink and pencil on music paper.
  • 1915
    While on a visit to New York, Duchamp is invited to the home of Walter and Louise Arensberg. The Arensbergs were soon to become his friends, patrons and major collectors of his work.
    Meets recent New York arrivals Picabia and Gleizes, and is introduced to Man Ray.
    Having previously prepared his studies and notes, Duchamp begins work on the The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even.
    Produces the readymade In Advance of the Broken Arm, (a snow shovel).
    Writes The, handwritten text in ink on paper in which the word 'the' is replaced by a star anywhere it occurs.
  • 1916
    Meets Beatrice Wood and Henri-Pierre Roché.
    Produces the following readymades:
    Comb, a grey steel comb with inscription; With Hidden Noise; and Traveller's Folding Item, an Underwood Typewriter Cover.
  • 1917
    The Society of Independent Artists is formed, with Duchamp as a founding member, and later a director. He submits the notorious readymade Fountain to an Independents exhibition, which is rejected. As a result, Duchamp and Arensberg both resign from the Society.
    Other readymades:
    Hat Rack, a wooden hat rack hung from the ceiling; and Trébuchet (Trap), a wood and metal coat rack nailed to the floor of his studio.
    Finishes the rectified readymade Apolinère Enameled, pencil on cardboard and painted zinc plate (advertisement for Sapolin enamel paints), which was begun in 1916.
    Publishes The Blind Man (with Beatrice Wood and Henrí Roché), and the sole issue of Rongwrong.
  • 1918
    Work on drawings for the Large Glass continues. Completes his last work on canvas, Tu m'.
    Produces To be Looked at (from the Other Side of the Glass) with One Eye, Close to, for Almost an Hour, oil paint, silver leaf, lead wire, and a two magnifying glasses on (cracked) glass support, mounted between two glass panes in a wooden frame, on a painted wood base.
  • 1919
    Visits Buenos Aires, Argentina. While there, he sends instructions to his sister Suzanne for the creation of the Unhappy Readymade, a geometry book hung from a balcony until deteriorated by the elements.
    Returns to Paris, attends meetings of the Dada group which counts amongst its members Tristan Tzara and André Breton.
    Produces the readymades: 50 cc of Paris Air; Tzanck Cheque; and L.H.O.O.Q..
    Completes Handmade Stereopticon Slides, a rectified readymade, which was begun in 1918. Pencil on stereoscopic slides, in cardboard mount.
  • 1920
    On his return to New York, Duchamp presents Walter Arensberg with 50cc of Paris Air.
    Rotary Glass Plates (Precision Optics) is constructed. This is an "optical machine" consisting of five motorized painted glass plates, which, when operated, create a 3-dimensional optical effect to the viewer. When first activated, it flew apart and almost decapitated Man Ray, who was attempting to photograph the work.
    Man Ray photographs the dust-covered Large Glass after it had been lying flat for approximately six months. The resulting image was titled Dust Breeding. (Duchamp later removed most of the accumulated dust from the surface and varnished over the remaining dust in the area known as the seives or parasols).
    Produces study for the Large Glass: Oculist Witnesses, using a pointed instrument on the reverse of a sheet of carbon paper.
    Duchamp, Katherine Dreier and Man Ray form the first museum of modern art in the United States, the Société Anonyme, Inc.
    Rrose Sélavy, Duchamp's female alter ego, is "born".


TIMELINE | 1887 | 1900-1910 | 1911-1920 | 1921-1930
1931-1940 | 1941-1950 | 1951-1960 | 1961-1968



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